Where is the tibia located on the body?

Where is the tibia located on the body?

The tibia is a large bone located in the lower front portion of the leg. The tibia is also known as the shinbone, and is the second largest bone in the body. There are two bones in the shin area:…

Why is the tibia the second largest bone in the body?

It is also the the weight bearing bone of the leg, which is why it is the second largest bone in the body after the femur. Fun fact here is that ‘tibia’ is the Latin word for tubular musical instruments like the flute.

What is the difference between the fibula and tibia?

The fibula is smaller and thinner than the tibia. These two bones connect the ankle to the knee and work together to stabilize the ankle and provide support to the muscles of the lower leg; however, the tibia carries a significant portion of the body weight.

What is the shape of the distal end of the tibia?

At the distal end of the tibia, the bone has changed shaped from triangular in cross section to rectangular in cross section. The medial surface of the distal end features a bony extension called the medial malleolus.

The Tibia. The tibia is the main bone of the lower leg, forming what is more commonly known as the shin. It expands at its proximal and distal ends; articulating at the knee and ankle joints respectively.

What is the difference between the tibia and fibula?

The lower leg is made up of two very strong, long bone—the tibia and the fibula. The tibia, also known as the shin bone, is the stronger and larger of the two. It is located toward the middle of the lower leg. The fibula, or calf bone, is smaller and is located on the outside of the lower leg.

What is the proximal tibia made of?

Proximal The proximal tibia is widened by the medial and lateral condyles, which aid in weight-bearing. The condyles form a flat surface, known as the tibial plateau. This structure articulates with the femoral condyles to form the key articulation of the knee joint.

What is the distal end of the tibia called?

The distal end of the tibia widens to assist with weight-bearing. The medial malleolus is a bony projection continuing inferiorly on the medial aspect of the tibia. It articulates with the tarsal bones to form part of the ankle joint.