What is nursing intervention for PVD?
An essential element to consider in promoting successful nursing intervention is collaboration of the nurse and patient when developing the plan of care. Overall goals of care for a patient with PVD include promotion of circulation, relief of pain, and prevention of tissue damage or infection.
Does peripheral vascular disease affect blood pressure?
Both peripheral arterial disease (PAD), a condition that affects the blood vessels (arteries) carrying the blood to the legs, arms, and stomach area, and high blood pressure (hypertension) are associated with atherosclerosis.
How does hypertension affect PVD?
Patients who suffer from hypertension with PVD have a greatly increased risk of myocardial infarction and stroke. Apart from the epidemiological associations, hypertension contributes to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, the basic underlying pathological process underlying PVD.
How does hypertension cause peripheral vascular disease?
It can build up in your artery walls. As plaque builds up, your arteries can become narrowed. This limits blood flow. If high blood pressure isn’t controlled, you are more likely to have PAD and other heart problems.
What are some nursing interventions for PAD?
How is PAD treated?
- quitting smoking, if you smoke.
- lowering your blood pressure.
- lowering your cholesterol levels.
- managing your blood sugar levels.
- following a healthy eating plan.
- getting regular exercise, such as 30 minutes of brisk walking, every day.
- losing weight if you’re too heavy.
What is peripheral vascular disease nursing?
Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a slow and progressive circulation disorder. Narrowing, blockage, or spasms in a blood vessel can cause PVD. PVD may affect any blood vessel outside of the heart including the arteries, veins, or lymphatic vessels.
What is peripheral hypertension?
Peripheral hypertension is a condition that occurs when high blood pressure remains untreated over a prolonged period of time. Also known as high blood pressure, it causes additional strain of the arteries of upper and lower limbs by narrowing the blood vessels.
Is high blood pressure a vascular disease?
High blood pressure is by far the most common type of vascular disease, affecting nearly half of adults in the United States – roughly 100 million. Peripheral artery disease, atherosclerosis, and carotid artery disease are other vascular diseases that impact health.
What is the priority assessment for the patient with PAD?
Patients at increased risk of PAD should undergo vascular examination, including palpation of lower extremity pulses (e.g., femoral, popliteal, dorsalis pedis, and posterior tibial), auscultation for femoral bruits, and inspection of the legs and feet.
What assessment data should the nurse collect that would indicate the presence of peripheral vascular disease PVD )?
Physical examination findings in patients with PVD vary. They may include absent or diminished pulses, abnormal skin color, poor hair growth and cool skin. The most reliable physical findings of PVD are diminished or absent pedal pulses, the presence of femoral artery bruit, abnormal skin color and/or cool skin.
What signs and symptoms of peripheral vascular diseases should be reported to the nurse?
Peripheral Vascular Disease Symptoms
- Buttock pain.
- Numbness, tingling, or weakness in the legs.
- Burning or aching pain in the feet or toes while resting.
- A sore on a leg or a foot that will not heal.
- One or both legs or feet feeling cold or changing color (pale, bluish, dark reddish)
- Loss of hair on the legs.
How to care for patients with hypertension and peripheral vascular disease?
Care of Patients with Hypertension and Peripheral Vascular Disease 1. Diagram the pathophysiology of hypertension. 2. Predict the complications that can occur as a consequence of hypertension. 3. Briefly describe the treatment program for mild, moderate, and severe hypertension.
What are the nursing care plans for peripheral arterial disease?
Nursing Care Plans for Peripheral Arterial Disease. 1. Nursing Diagnosis: Acute Pain related to decreased peripheral arterial blood flow as evidenced by pain score of 10 out of 10 after walking or exercise, verbalization of cramping leg pain (claudication), guarding sign on the affected limb, leg weakness, blood pressure level of 180/90,
What are the goals of a nursing plan for hypertension?
Nursing Care Plan and Goals. Main article: 6 Hypertension Nursing Care Plans. The major goals for a patient with hypertension are as follows: Understanding of the disease process and its treatment. Participation in a self-care program. Absence of complications.
What are the nursing interventions for decreased cardiac output secondary to hypertension?
Here are the therapeutic nursing interventions for the nursing diagnosis risk for decreased cardiac output secondary to hypertension. 1. Provide calm, restful surroundings, minimize environmental activity and noise. Limit the number of visitors and length of stay. It helps lessen sympathetic stimulation; promotes relaxation.