What type of fat storage is considered a high risk factor for cardiovascular disease?
Individuals with excessive abdominal fat have a greater risk of heart disease and cancer than individuals with a similar body mass index who carry their fat in other areas of the body, according to a new study.
Where does fat deposit in obesity?
It is found all over the body. It can be found under the skin (subcutaneous fat), packed around internal organs (visceral fat), between muscles, within bone marrow and in breast tissue. Men tend to store more visceral fat (fat around their internal organs), leading to obesity around the middle of their abdomen.
What is the most common form of fat in the body elevated level may be a risk factor of cardiovascular diseases and fatty liver?
Like saturated fats, trans fats tend to increase LDL (bad) cholesterol in the blood but they also tend to reduce HDL (good) cholesterol levels. So, they are more damaging to our health and can increase our risk of cardiovascular diseases (such as heart disease and stroke).
Which test is best to measure fat with C Contribute to more risk of cardiovascular disease & diabetes?
Body Mass Index (BMI) BMI is an estimate of body fat and a good gauge of your risk for diseases that can occur with more body fat. The higher your BMI, the higher your risk for certain diseases such as heart disease, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, gallstones, breathing problems, and certain cancers.
What is Android and Gynoid fat?
Android is described as fat distribution around the mid-section, so around the waist (belly button). Gynoid is the fat distribution around the hips, this region is situated around the top of the thighs. If you store more fat around the android region (waist) this is considered apple shape.
Which fat storage area presents the highest health risk?
But the most important problem is that the BMI reflects total body fat without regard to how the fat is distributed. And although no excess fat is good, one type of excess fat is much more dangerous than the others. Research shows that abdominal fat is the worst of the worst.
What is distribution of fat?
Android fat distribution describes the distribution of human adipose tissue mainly around the buttocks and upper body, in areas such as the abdomen, chest, shoulder and nape of the neck. Android fat distribution is contrasted with gynoid fat distribution; fat around the hips, thighs and bottom, causing a “pear-shape”.
What factors affect body fat distribution?
The known, major environmental factors that affect body fat distribution include alcohol intake (1), cigarette smoking (2), and the timing of onset of childhood obesity (3). In addition, strong genetic factors seem to play a role in regional fat gain and loss (4,5).
How is the distribution of body fat related to disease risk?
Individuals with an upper body fat pattern, reflecting an excess of intra-abdominal or visceral fat, have significantly greater risk for diabetes, hypertension, hypertriglyceridemia, ischemic heart disease, some cancers, and death from all causes.
How does visceral fat cause cardiovascular disease?
Why Visceral Fat Matters Both inflammation and hyperlipidemia, or high lipid levels, can contribute to the development of atherosclerosis, the accumulation of plaque in artery walls that can obstruct blood flow and lead to cardiovascular events like heart attacks and strokes, Dr. den Hartigh says.
What is an android pattern of fat distribution?
Android fat distribution describes the distribution of human adipose tissue mainly around the buttocks and upper body, in areas such as the abdomen, chest, shoulder and nape of the neck. This pattern may lead to an “apple-shaped” body or central obesity, and is more common in males than in females.
What is android gynoid?
Android is described as fat distribution around the mid-section, so around the waist (belly button). Gynoid is the fat distribution around the hips, this region is situated around the top of the thighs.
Is gynoid fat distribution protective against metabolic and cardiovascular disease?
Numerous studies have shown that android or truncal obesity is associated with a risk for metabolic and cardiovascular disease, yet there is evidence that gynoid fat distribution may be protective.
What are gynoid fat patterns?
Due to this type of distribution, excess gynoid fat patterns will have a ‘pear’ shaped appearance where the bum and hips are much larger than the waist. This type of distribution is typical in females (the term gynoid relates to the female form).
What is “gynoid obesity”?
Gynoid Obesity The distribution of the body’s fat storage, independent of the variable of total body fat, can indicate which health risk you are susceptible to. These fats can be broken down into two types: Oftentimes we refer to this as “Apple Shape” and “Pear Shape”, respectively This fat accumulates around the central trunk region.
What is gynoid distribution?
This type of distribution is typical in females (the term gynoid relates to the female form). Gynoid fat is generally stored ‘subcutaneously’ which means that fat stores on the surface of the body, just under the skin and above the muscle.